* 20 August 1887 in Mainz; † 2 November 1963 in Hanover
German painter, draughtsman and graphic artist
Otto Gleichmann's watercolours and drawings can be attributed to Late Expressionism. From 1906 to 1910 Gleichmann studied painting at the Düsseldorf academy of arts, the Breslau school of arts and crafts and the Weimar school of arts. From 1914 he worked as an art teacher at a grammar school in Erfurt. During the First World War he was a soldier in Russia and France from 1915. After being wounded in 1916, he spent a long time in hospital and did his military service in Hanover. Gleichmann had his first exhibition in 1916 at the Kestner Museum in Hanover. In 1920 he joined the Hanover Secession, whose artistic spectrum ranged from Late Impressionism to Expressionism. His permanent residence became Hanover in 1919, where he taught as an art teacher at the Realgymnasium from 1923. The Berlin publishing house Paul Cassirer and Alfred Flechtheim in Düsseldorf published portfolios of his lithographs in 1919 and 1921 respectively. In 1922 he exhibited at the artists' association de Branding in Rotterdam.
Gleichmann travelled in the twenties to Italy, Paris, Austria Hungary, Holland and Belgium. He has close contact with many artists, such as Kurt Schwitters, Max Burchartz, Walter Dexel and the writer Theodor Däubler. In 1928 he was awarded the Continental Prize at the exhibition of the Deutscher Künstlerbund in Hanover for his painting 'Circus Rider'. In 1932 the Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover honours him with an exhibition.
In 1936 the National Socialists ban Gleichmann from painting and exhibiting. In 1937 they confiscated 27 of his works from German museums and defamed some of his works in the propaganda exhibition "Degenerate Art" in Munich. During the bombing of Hanover in 1943, most of the artist's works were destroyed.