* 6 February 1886 in Lensahn (Holstein); † 8 February 1930 in Hamburg
Painter and graphic artist
Together with her husband, the painter and architect Emil Maetzel, Dorothea Maetzel-Johannsen was one of the co-founders and leading figures of the Hamburg Secession in 1919. She finds inspiration for her artistic work in the artists of the Brücke, in the works of Paul Cézanne and the French Cubists. From 1919 she regularly participated in the exhibitions of the Hamburg Secession. Between 1919 and 1921 she produced her main Expressionist work, which is characterised by an unmistakably personal pictorial language within Expressionism. With these works, in which a lyrical mood resonates despite angular forms and dynamic composition, she goes down in Hamburg art history.
In 1923 and 1924 she painted four large murals for the Kunsthalle Hamburg. From the mid-1920s she cautiously incorporated stylistic elements of the New Objectivity into her art. In 1931 the Hamburg Kunstverein organised a memorial exhibition for her with 120 works. During the Nazi dictatorship her art was considered "degenerate". It was only by chance that the murals she created in the Kunsthalle were saved from the Nazis. The Kunstverein Hamburg shows an exhibition of paintings by the artist couple in 1958. In 2019/20, works by both artists are included in the exhibition "100 Years of the Hamburg Secession" at the Hamburger Kunsthalle. Works by Dorothea Maetzel-Johannsen are represented in international and national as well as public and private collections.