* 4 August 1892 in Karlsruhe; † 3 February 1955 in Berlin
German painter and graphic artist
Oskar Fischer’s oeuvre is created from 1913 to 1923, in just one decade. His early expressive-futuristic imagery is after 1921 replaced by constructivist principles of design.
Fischer finishes an apprenticeship as a decoration painter, attends the applied arts school in Karlsruhe and studies at the academy of arts of that city. Unfit for combat duty because of an accident, he has to do his military service from 1915 to 1918 in Karlsruhe. Prior to his discharge already, in March 1918, an exhibition of his works in Herwarth Walden’s Berlin gallery Sturm means artistic recognition for him. Fischer becomes a pacifist and a communist because of his experience in World War I. Together with other artists he sets up the “Rih” group in Karlsruhe, in 1919. At his first exhibition he presents a painting that - under the title of “Brothers, Forward to Sun, to Freedom” - is today in the possession of the Berlin National Gallery.
1921 he moves to Berlin and exhibits two more times in the gallery Sturm. He joins the November group. From 1924 on, he works as a commercial artist and exhibition designer, mainly for the Labour movement, but also for industry and trade.
The National Socialists slander his art as “degenerate” and confiscate seven of his works. In 1943, he is arrested as member of a resistance group; in March 1944, in the absence of evidence, he is released from jail. After World War II he works for the papers “Deutsche Volkszeitung” and “Neues Deutschland”, at the GDR education ministry, the state commission for concerns of art, and the publishing house Henschel.