* 1 November 1889 in Gotha; † 31 May 1978 in Berlin
German painter, graphic artist and collagist
Hannah Höch is one of the major German female artists of Classical Modernism. She is the only woman in the Berlin DADA movement in the 1920s. Through her close friendship with Raoul Hausmann, one of the initiators of DADA Berlin, she finds access to this new art form. In the Dadaist circle she meets George Grosz, John Heartfield, Hans Arp and Kurt Schwitters. In 1919 she joins the November Group. Hannah Höch and Raoul Hausmann are the first to work with the photomontage, a technique developed by DADA, to comment on and criticize current events. Hanna Höch was a fervent pacifist. During the Nazi regime, she is vilified as a “cultural Bolshevist”. In the years of retreat between 1936 and 1945 her central motifs are flower and plant still lifes. After the war, she becomes engaged in cultural reconstruction. In 1946 she again for the first time participates in an exhibition at Gerd Rosen’s Berlin gallery. In 1948 the Museum of Modern Art in New York presents works by Hannah Höch in a DADA retrospective. She is given solo exhibitions at the Akademie der Künste in 1971, the National Gallery in Berlin and the Musée d’Art Moderne of the city of Paris in 1976.