* 6 February 1886 in Lensahn (Holstein, Germany); † 8 February 1930 in Hamburg
German painter and graphic artist
Dorothea Maetzel-Johannsen creates her paintings and graphic works in a single decade.
After training as an art teacher she teaches in Schleswig from 1907. Her pre-war artistic works reveal the influence of Cézanne among others. In 1910 she marries the architect and painter Emil Maetzel. Their four children are born between 1911 and 1917. During the Great War she takes occasional lessons from Lovis Corinth in Berlin. After the war, in 1919, the artistic couple are among the founding members of the Hamburg Secession. Between 1919 and 1921 the painter creates her main expressionist body of work in which the influences of the “Brücke” style, early Cubism and African sculpture are combined. In 1923 and 1924 the artist completes four commissioned large-scale murals for the Hamburg Kunsthalle. From the middle of the 1920s her art includes stylistic elements of the New Objectivity. In 1929, during stays in Kassel and in Visby on the island of Gotland, she produces numerous paintings. In 1929/30 she designs first drafts for a ceiling fresco for the cupola of the Hamburg Planetarium. Owing to the artist’s death the commission remains unfinished.
During the period of National Socialism her painting “Blumenstillleben mit Hahnenkrug” [Flower Still Life with Cockerel Jug] is denounced as ‘degenerate’ and removed from the Hamburg Kunsthalle. Her four murals avoid confiscation only by chance. The Hamburg Art Association arranges an exhibition of the artist couple’s paintings in 1958.